Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page The Brahma Sutra defines the thread of Life Force (Prana) by which all of the ritual and Uttara-Mimāṃsā by Badarayana which is called Brahma-Mimāṃsā or. The Vedanta Sutras of Badarayana, Commentary by Sankara (SBE 38), translated by George Thibaut [], at

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Brahman is the only reality.

They were not written by any individual. The first chapter Samanvayadhyaya unifies Brahman, the second Avirodhadhyaya refutes other philosophies, the third Sadhanadhyaya deals with practice Sadhana to attain Brahman and the fourth Phaladhyaya treats of fruits of Self-realisation.

The individual souls undergo a state of Sankocha contraction during Pralaya. This suteas beyond doubt and dispute. Cross-Cultural and Comparative Perspectives Editor: And there is need of all workson account of the scriptural statement of sacrifices and the like; as in the case of the horse. Isvara or Saguna Brahman is a product of Maya. The five great Acharyas: The prevalence of Vedanta thought is found not only in philosophical badarxyana but also in various forms of Hindu literature, such as the epics, lyric poetry, drama and so forth.

The erroneous identification of the body with the pure Atman is the root cause for human sufferings and miseries and for births and deaths. They give the essence of the arguments on a topic. This world is unreal.

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His explanations only faithfully render the intended meaning of Sri Vyasa. He was largely influenced by the teachings of Bhaskara who flourished in the first half of the ninth century. For example, Ramanuja counts sutras 2. Thus the interpretations of the Sutras gave rise to various kinds of literary writings such as Vrittis gloss and Karikas.

Each chapter contains four Padas. Each Adhikarana has separate question to discuss.


Qualified Advaita Vaishnavism []. State University of New York Press. When he was preparing his commentary he had in view the purpose of combating the baneful effects which blind ritualism produced. Ayurveda Dhanurveda Natya Shastra Sthapatyaveda. Knowledge of Nirguna Brahman is the only means of liberation.

The impact of Brahma-sutra text on Vedanta, and in bramha Hinduism, has been historic and central, states Nakamura: The Brahmasutra asserts in 2.

The views of various Acharyas are all true in respect of the particular aspect of Brahman dealt with by them each in his own way. Then only it will be recognised. Madhva founded his own system of Dvaita. Chronology of Hindu texts. This is a great authority for every philosophical school in India. Sri Vallabhacharya expounded his system of philosophy of Suddhadvaita pure monism and his commentary on the Brahma Sutras is known as Anu Bhashya.

The work consists of 4 Adhyayas chapters16 Padas sectionsAdhikaranas topics and Sutras aphorisms. But they differ amongst themselves as to the nature of this Brahman, the relation of the individual soul to Brahman, the state of the soul in the state of final emancipation, the means of attaining It and Its causality with reference to this universe.


According to Ramanuja, Brahman is not absolutely one and homogeneous. Sri Ramanuja follows in his Bhashya the authority of Bodhayana. Philosophy and Identity in Indian Intellectual History. Knowledge having once sprung up requires no help towards the accomplishment of its fruit, but it does stand in need of something else with a view to its own origination.

With reference to this point the present Sutra now remarks that knowledge has regard. Just as the head is the most important portion of a man, so also the Upanishads which treat of the knowledge portion of the Vedas is the head of the Vedas.

Brahma Sutras – Wikipedia

They merge themselves in Para Brahman. Audulomi and Asmarathya also did this work in their own way and founded their own schools of thought.

In reality there are no conflicts for the thinker. The theories of other orthodox traditions are discussed in 2.

You can understand the Brahma Sutras if you have a knowledge of the twelve classical Upanishads.