Chloroxylon swietenia provides a decorative timber, used for furniture, panelling, pattern making, interior trim, cabinet work, flooring, boxes, crates, interior. PDF | Chloroxylon swietenia belonging to family Rutaceae is a medicinal and aromatic tree of dry deciduous forests. It is used in decorative veneer, furniture and. Summary. Chloroxylon swietenia or commonly known as East Indian Stainwood is a tropical, medium-sized deciduous tree native to southern India.

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Chloroxylon swietenia or commonly known as East Indian Stainwood is a tropicalmedium-sized deciduous tree native to southern India, Madagascar, and Sri Lanka. It grows up to 20 m in height.

The leaves are pinnate, the bark is slightly corky and thick, the flowers chloroxylno small, creamy white, and the fruits are oblong three-segmented capsules.

Most plant parts are used in traditional medicine in India. Essential oil obtained from the leaves and stems have anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. Dried leaves can be used for pains while crushed leaves for the treatment of wounds, snakebites, and rheumatism.

Leaves and roots can be made into paste then taken internally or applied externally as relieve from headache. The seed yields oil. The wood is heavy, hard, durable, and used as decorative timber and in heavy construction, agricultural equipment, boat building, and railway sleepers. It is, in addition, used as fuel wood. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

In India most plant parts are used in traditional medicine. Research has shown the presence of various medically active substances in the plant.

Coumarins and quinolinone alkaloids have been identified hcloroxylon the stem bark[ ]. Coumarins, and alkaloid and 2,4-dihydroxyprenycinnamic acid are found in the heartwood[ ].

Both the leaf and the stem oils exhibit moderate to strong activities against a panel of bacteria and fungi[ ]. The essential oil from the leaves and stems, plus several isolated compounds, display significant mosquitocidal activity by fumigation against Aedes aegypti, Anopheles gambiae and Culex quinquefasciatus, chlorocylon well as activity against tobacco cutworm, Spodoptera litura[ ].

Methanol extracts of the dried leaves exhibit good analgesic activity[ ].

India Biodiversity Portal

The crushed leaves are applied externally to treat wounds, snakebites and rheumatism[ ]. A paste of the leaves and roots is taken internally to treat headache and is applied to the forehead as a balm for the same purpose[ ]. The root bark in milk is drunk to treat impotence[ ]. A bark extract is considered astringent and taken to treat fever, chest pain and in a mixture with other plants to treat asthma[ ].


In friction it is used to treat bruises and painful joints[ ].

The wood is heavy, strong and hard, it has a slight pleasant fragrance when freshly cut. The heartwood is cream-coloured to golden yellow, darkening to brown with age; it is not clearly demarcated from the slightly paler sapwood. The grain is usually interlocked or wavy, texture fine and even.


Chloroxylon swietenia (Roxb.) DC. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

The wood is often striped or mottled, and remarkably lustrous. Dark gum veins are a common defect, as they are liable to develop into splits.

The wood is difficult to work with hand tools and moderately hard to saw and machine, with a moderate to severe blunting effect on cutting tools. In planing a cutting angle of 15? A neat finishing makes it possible to obtain a perfectly polished surface and a beautiful glazed effect. Boring operations are reported to be rather difficult, and the wood requires to be held firmly in boring operations to prevent chattering. Preboring is recommended in nailing and screwing, but nail-holding and screw-holding properties are rated as good.

The wood turns and stains well, but is difficult to glue[ ]. The heartwood is rated as highly resistant to attack by all types of fungi, but in India it is reported to possess little resistance to attack by termites. It is also susceptible to attack by marine borers, and to a lesser extent by pinhole borers and longhorn beetles.

The sapwood is not susceptible to Lyctus borers. The heartwood is extremely resistant to preservative treatment. The wood is reported to cause skin irritation[ ]. A decorative timber, it is used for furniture, panelling, pattern making, interior trim, cabinet work, flooring, boxes, crates, interior joinery, carvings, toys, musical instruments and luxury goods. It is made into decorative veneer, which is, however, unsuitable for plywood manufacture because of its weight.

Because of its strength it is also used for heavy construction, railway sleepers, boat building and agricultural equipment[ ]. The wood is also used swieteniia fuel wood[ ].

A plant of the lowland moist tropics, where it is found at elevations up to metres. It grows best in areas where annual swietenix temperatures are within the range 30 – 40?

It siwetenia a mean annual rainfall in the range 1, – 1,mm, but tolerates – 1,mm[ ]. Grows best in a sunny position[ ].

Succeeds in most soils that are well-drained[ ]. Prefers a pH in the range 6 – 7, tolerating 5 – 7.

Established plants are drought tolerant[ ]. The tree has shown good growth rates in Nigeria[ ].


File:Chloroxylon swietenia W IMG 1327.jpg

It coppices well[ ]. The plant is susceptible to fire damage[ ]. In India the tree is an alternative food-plant for the caterpillars of Papilio demoleus, a pest of Citrus spp[ ].

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Chloroxylon swietenia or commonly known as East Indian Stainwood. Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Chloroxylon swietenia East Indian Satinwood. For a list of references used on this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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File:Chloroxylon swietenia W IMG jpg – Wikimedia Commons

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. You will receive a range of benefits including: You can unsubscribe at anytime. Chloroxylon swietenia – DC. Asia – India, Sri Lanka. You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box. Chloroxylon swietenia is a deciduous Tree growing to 18 m 59ft by 18 m 59ft at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone UK It chloroxhlon grow in the shade.

It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. QR Code What’s this? Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified but some can. Please view the copyright link for more information. Dry deciduous forest on poor, well-drained sandy or rocky soils, at low to medium altitudes[ ].