Cuentos de Horacio Quiroga (Letras Hispanicas) (Letras tres de los mejores cuentos de todos los tiempos: “Es que somos muy pobres,” “Luvina,” En estos tres cuentos inagotables, junto con los demás, Juan Rulfo pinta un retrato duro. “Luvina,” “Diles que no me maten,” “Talpa,” and the novel Pedro Paramo. . ” Yuxtaposicion como tecnica en un cuento de Juan Rulfo: ‘Macario'”. En Juan Pérez Jolote (), la biografía de un indígena tzotzil, de Ricardo En un famoso cuento de Juan Rulfo, “Luvina” (), el tema del desarraigo se.

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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Deserted rural villages and municipalities, which are littered across the barren, lifeless desert, exist only in autonomous isolation. The land that these primarily agrarian communities farm is parched and infertile. Furthermore, the landscapes are rocky, dangerous and in a word, inhospitable. The weather is ruthless and can range from crop- destroying frost to suffocating heat in the space of a day. In the excommunicated pueblos, physical violence has superseded law and order.

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Crime, corruption and murder are the cultural norm. In this disturbingly realistic portrait of provincial Mexico painted by Rulfo, one must either kill or be killed. Born inRulfo experienced both against the backdrop ujan the bare, scorching, sandy plains of Jalisco, a large province in the west of Mexico. It was precisely this arid, imposing landscape that would come to characterise his literature years later.

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The main goal of the revolutionaries was to eliminate social hierarchies and create a more liberal Mexico. However, these idealist dreams were never realised.

The land, healthcare, educational and social reforms that were promised by the new, post-revolutionary government were only ever established on a legislative level and were never actually brought into practice on the ground. This was particularly evident in the pueblos, whose plights were subsequently ignored by the state. Thus began a mass exodus to the urban areas of Mexico, leaving the rural towns to rot in abandonment. The Catholic Church managed to mobilise vast numbers of peasant farmers from the countryside to take part in skirmishes and uprisings, many of whom would die as enemies of the state.

Abuse, assault and murder have luvna the status of legal tender and are the sole regulating forces. For the characters of the stories in El llano en llamas, violence and death are luvinw another mundane constituent of life, no more nor less remarkable than the rising of the sun every morning and its setting each xe. The Torrico brothers, who preside over the hillside village cuenro means of force, frequently resort to violence in order to get what they want.


It is clear, then, that the Torrico brothers are not the only ones with violent tendencies: For example, lyvina narrator describes the rain that: Whilst the narrator having only recently moved to the area seems taken aback by and fearful of the ferocity with which the elements batter the small town, the lifelong residents of Luvina do not even bat an eyelid.

One of the old women describes how the sun: This is a cleverly-conceived metaphor which manages to convey how the inhabitants have grown used to the omnipresence of violent behaviour, regardless of whether it arrives by the hand of man or by the wrath of nature.

In many ways, in fact, and as Gordon concurs, the all-pervading hostility of the weather cycle seems to mimic the violent predisposition entrenched within the characters and their society. As the three men set about their work, the narrator notices that the mule driver from whom they are stealing, who is seated a little distance away, has remained motionless since their arrival. The 3 Wikipedia, Juan Rulfo [online]. Gordon, Los cuentos de Juan Rulfo Madrid: Playor,p.

Depictions of Jalisco in Juan Rulfo’s « El llano en llamas » | Conor Brendan Dunne –

As pointed out by Hill, the understated reaction of the narrator obviously indicates an inherent casualness surrounding the re of death. Rather than checking for vital signs, the narrator gives the corpse: This crude treatment of what is clearly a recently-deceased human being only serves to further highlight how violence and death have been disassociated from emotional reaction and ethical consideration.

There is no hint of remorse in the Torrico brothers either. Suddenly, the course of the narrative is interrupted by a confession: Even the narrator, who up until this point seemed a relatively virtuous man, has been sucked into the culture of violence. Despite the narrator repeatedly reminding the reader throughout the story that: Es decir, coser costales.

Inhospitable landscapes, mass exodus, infertile farmlands, and cuentp on the part of the government are just some of the issues which relentlessly strip the characters cuentoo any glimmer of hope they may have and ruthlessly demolish it. Both San Juan Luvina and La Cuesta de las Comadres stand, in their respective stories, as an embodiment of all of these issues and hence, as the archetypal pueblo of the post-revolutionary period.


Describing the geological 5 Diane E. A Publishing Company Inc. On top of this already sterile terrain, the characters must deal with extreme weather conditions which also make growing crops virtually impossible.

These mass demographic displacements left in their wake hundreds of so-called ghost towns that were subsequently overlooked by the state despite still being mildly populated.

For those who did not or could not leave, the quality of life only deteriorated. Cuenfo narrator has undoubtedly given up hope of ever leading a more meaningful cuentto away from his humble plot of land.

This oxymoron exposes something truly frightful: It does not seem to matter whether one is alive or dead in this reality. In fact, nothing seems to matter in San Juan Luvina.

Even the most optimistic ruulfo.

Editorial Praxis,p. Estaba cargado de ideas… […].

Forgotten by the rest of the Mexico and even ignored by their own government, the inhabitants of the mid-twentieth century pueblos of rural Mexico remain permanently trapped in dispirited idleness. Secondly, uuan is the power and persistence of the oppressive forces that impede any kind of ascension that the inhabitants of the pueblo view life as one prolonged, hopeless agony from which the welcomed escape is death.

Indeed, he makes a valuable point. The local narrators, whether they be penniless farmers, teachers, or tradesmen, tell their own tale. It is they who narrate their own experiences of battling against the treacherous, sterile landscape and the brutal hostility of the weather, of struggling to maintain their morality in a world of senseless violence and of desperately trying to remain optimistic in spite of the hopelessness that unceasingly gnaws away at their souls.

Voces de la tierra: Homenaje a Juan Ucento Los cuentos de Juan Rulfo Madrid: El estilo de Juan Rulfo: Bilingual Press Jaspers, Karl. Editorial Praxis Peralta, V. Pedro Paramo y El llano en llamas Barcelona: The Mexican Revolution [online]. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Click here to sign up. Help Center Find new research papers in: