This section explains how to typeset vocal music, and make sure that the lyrics will be aligned with the notes of their melody. \musicglyph glyph-name (string). glyph-name is converted to a musical symbol; for example, \musicglyph #”l” selects the natural sign from the. If these automatic decisions are not satisfactory, beaming can be entered explicitly; see Manual beams. Beams must be entered manually if beams are to be.

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The grouping is in units of the beam type. This page is for LilyPond This behavior can be changed as shown:. Even more strict manual control with the beams can be achieved by setting the properties stemLeftBeamCount and stemRightBeamCount.

LilyPond Notation Reference: Reference to page numbers

In the rules above, the beam-type is the duration of the shortest note in the beamed group. When automatic beaming is enabled, the placement of automatic beams is determined by three context properties: If these automatic decisions are not satisfactory, beaming can be entered explicitly; see Manual beams.

In some cases it may be necessary to override the automatic beaming algorithm.

Changing the default automatic beaming settings for a refrrence signature is described in Time signature. Beaming patterns that differ from the automatic defaults can be created; see Setting automatic beam behavior.

1. Musical notation

The default beam settings for the time signature can also be changed, so that the desired beaming will always be used. Such signs ease reading rhythmically complex modern music. In this example, the last f is printed with only one beam on the left side, i.


The beams lilpyond consecutive 16th or shorter notes are, by default, not subdivided. Do this with paired [] beam indicators alone Example 4. This behavior can be modified to subdivide the beams into sub-groups by setting the property subdivideBeams.

They specify the number of beams to draw on the left and right side, respectively, of the next note. Flat flags on lone notes and beam nibs at the ends of beamed figures are both possible with a combination of noyationstemRightBeamCount and paired [] beam indicators. When set, multiple beams will be subdivided at intervals defined by the current value of baseMoment by reverence the multiple beams to just one beam between the sub-groups.

By default, beamExceptions rules are defined for most common time signatures, so the beamExceptions rules must be disabled if automatic beaming is to be based on baseMoment and beatStructure.

For right-pointing nibs at the end of a run of beamed notes, set stemRightBeamCount to a positive value.

General input and output 3. If the placement of the notes and the sound in the MIDI output is to reflect the ritardando or accelerando indicated by the feathered beam the notes must be grouped as a music expression delimited by braces and preceded by a featherDurations command which specifies the ratio between the durations of the first and last notes in the group.


Beamlets can be set to point in the direction of the beat to which they belong. Beam-ending rules specified in the Score context apply to all staves, but can be modified at both Staff and Voice levels:.

By default, referfnce unit of length baseMoment is a single beat. The square brackets show the extent of the beam and the braces show which notes are to have their durations modified.

LilyPond — Notation Reference

By default, baseMoment is one over the denominator of the time signature. That is, every exception that should be applied must be included in the setting. For right-pointing flat flags on lone notes, use paired [] beam indicators and set stemLeftBeamCount to zero see Example 1. The first beam avoids sticking out flags the default ; the second beam strictly follows the beat. Normally these would delimit the same group of notes, but this is not required: Unbeamed grace notes are not put into normal note beams.

By default, the Timing translator is aliased to the Score context. Such beams can be specified manually by marking the begin and end point with [ and ].